What is a cold and what is flu?

Admit it or not, we tend to overlook that a cold is totally different from the flu. More often than not, we interchange or even think that it is the same. To answer your question about what is a cold and what is flu, read further.

 

Both the flu and the common cold are caused by a viral infection and are upper respiratory illnesses but are different from what kind of virus it is. For the flu it is caused by the influenza virus, which is a respiratory virus while the cold, is caused by adenovirus or coronavirus. Although both are viruses in nature having vaccinations can prevent the flu. As for their characteristics the cold can make your nose runny and your throat sore, meanwhile the influenza virus affects further more in your system such as the lungs and joints and can even cause serious illnesses in the likes of pneumonia, respiratory failure and even in worst cases death.

Cold can make your nose runny and your throat sore, meanwhile the influenza virus affects further more in your system such as the lungs and joints and can even cause serious illnesses in the likes of pneumonia, and respiratory failure. 

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The common cold can last for days up to weeks but can generally be treated immediately. Aside from the runny nose and sore throat other symptoms can be constant sneezing, moderate fever, coughing, head or body aches and you feel tired or restless. Colds are contagious mostly during the first stages, in this state you should get all the rest you can get and try to limit the contact with other people so as to avoid getting them sick as well. Taking natural home remedies or vitamins are helpful. You can also take over the counter medicines. But the most important of all is to drink plenty of fluids, eat healthy foods and have lots of rest.

 

The Flu or Influenza is a more serious illness. It affects everyone but children, older adults and pregnant women are more susceptible to it. People with health conditions such as asthma, heart disease and diabetes are more at risk as well. The flu has symptoms that are similar to colds but the symptoms can tend to be more severe. If you have a high fever, sore throat, dry cough, chills, a severe body ache, and prolonged fatigue then you might want to consult your doctor. Also some people can experience vomiting and diarrhea although these symptoms are more common in children. Mostly, just like with colds, a lot of fluids and rest are the best remedies to treat flu, Pain relievers may also be helpful and your doctor could advise you to take antiviral drugs. However, aspirin should never be given to children with the flu since it can lead to a more serious condition called the Reye’s syndrome. It is important to monitor the status of the person infected especially on the first 48 hours.

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The cold or the flu should always be prevented and if one is already experiencing one or the other it should never be ignored, always take the necessary precautions to avoid further and more serious complications. When it comes to ones health you should never gamble and always take the extra effort to fight and win from it. Be strong and always be vigilant. Stay Healthy!


 

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